Saturn Planet | Features, Rings, Satellites, Atmosphere…


Saturn is the sixth sun in the solar system. The radiant beauty that Saturn’s ring structure, which is the second-largest object of the solar system, can be seen with an amateur telephoto (sometimes even binoculars).

It is also a gas body like Jupiter. In other words, there is no rock surface on which you can set foot in the sea. Even though its mass is lower than that of Jupiter, it is similar to Jupiter in terms of content. The name of the planet, which has a very large ring structure, comes from Roman mythology (father of Jupiter). Saturn’s ring structure makes it one of the most popular favorites. It is smaller than Jupiter only considering the size of the planet, but rather large of Jupiter, including its rings.

Physical Properties

The mass of the planet can be determined by the movement of its satellites. According to the observations made, the mass of Saturn was found to be 5.7 × 1026 kg. Although its mass is low compared to Jupiter (about 1 out of 3), it is 300 times larger than that of the Earth. With the help of observers, the size of the eye can be easily found. The equatorial radius of the Aegean is about 9.5 times that of the Earth (60,000 km). In the light of these two pieces of information, we can calculate that the average density of the grain is 700 kg / m3.

Saturn’s density is even lower than the density of water (1000 kg / m3).

If we recall, we have shown that the average density of Jupiter is 1326 kg / m3. Since these two specimens are unique in terms of their material, the thing that causes this density difference is surprising. In our Jupiter article, we have said that the matrix found in the nucleus is subjected to a serious amount of pressure, due to the mass of the device of the plane. This pressure is relatively low, as the mass of Saturn is lower compared to Jupiter. This difference in pressure is the main reason for the difference in the density of the two particles. At this point, it is worth remembering that the density of the Earth, which is a rock-perfect, is 5510 kg / m3.

Rotation Speed

It is extremely difficult to determine the rotational speed of gas flows compared to rock specks, provided they do not have a solid surface. The first reason for this is that the rotational speed of the gas circuits can change as we move from the equator to the poles. This situation, regardless of the differential rotation movement, is only seen in the gas valves. Another difficulty in determining the rotational speed is, of course, the absence of a solid surface. Although there are some ways of determining the rotational velocities visually, the primary method of determining the rotation speed of the gas circuits is to examine the magnetic field formed by the metallic hydrogel in the core and find the rotation speed.

Saturn completes one full orbit around the Sun in 29 years.

Visually inspected showed that the return period of Saturn was 10 hours and 14 minutes at the equator, and when it was elevated, this period increased to 10 hours and 40 minutes. Considering that the radius at the equator is extremely large compared to that of high specimens, it can easily be seen that the spinning velocity of the plane is extremely high. Magnetic field measurements made with the Cassini spacecraft have shown us that the rotational speed of the core is approximately 10 hours and 46 minutes. Due to the extremely low density of the sniff and its relatively high rotation speed, it has turned into a rather flat shape. The polar radius of the plane with an equatorial radius of 60,268 km is 54,364 km. This gives us the flatness of the net as 0.097.

Ring Structure of Saturn

The main feature that makes Saturn different from other features is undoubtedly its ring structure. The ring structure in the equatorial plane of the axis has a width of approximately 280,000 km. The ring structure consists of parts whose dimensions vary between dust grain and apartment size. This structure, which consists mostly of ice pieces, also has a low amount of rock structure. Although the width of the ring structure is extremely wide at about 280,000-kilometers, its thickness is only about 10 meters.

The ring structure of Saturn

Even though it seems to have a very large ring structure when viewed from a distance, the situation is actually a little more complicated than that. Saturn has a total of 7 rings (A, B, C, D, E, F, and G), which are named alphabetically according to the order in which they are encapsulated. The Cassini and Encke we see in the figure are the names of the large spaces that separate the rings.

Atmosphere Structure

If we leave the ring structure on a cane, it is not as colorful as Jupiter. Although it has an atmosphere where we can see yellow, brown, and gray tones, it is not a spectacle with distinctive large storm structures (or lakes). Although it has criteria such as Jupiter, there are no color differences that will enable us to distinguish these criteria from each other easily.

The first observations of the components that make up the spectrum were made with the spectrum measurements of reflected sunlight. Afterward, the observations made by the Pioneer and Voyager spacecraft let us know more about the inner structure of the planet.

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Saturn’s atmospheric structure

In the light of these observers, it was found that the atmosphere of the sea (in the shape of Jupiter) was mainly composed of hydrogen and heme (96.3% hydrogen, 3.2% hydrogen) and a low percentage of methane (0.5%) and ammonia (0.01%). As in Jupiter, here too the zero points (ie the point of reference) are accepted as the upper point of the troposphere. Saturn’s clouds are classified into three basic groups. These are clouds of ammonium ice, ammonium hydrosulfide ice, and water ice. Winds in the upper reaches of the atmosphere can reach speeds of about 500 meters per second at the equator of the sun. Considering that the strongest storms in the world reach speeds of about 100 meters per second only, it can be understood how severe the storms are.

Saturn’s Hexagon

The north pole hosts a very interesting jet stream. What makes this jet stream special is its shape. This structure in the shape of a hexagon was discovered by the Voyager 1 spacecraft in 1981. The structure, which has a width of approximately 30,000 kilometers, is a jet stream whose speed reaches 330 kilometers per hour. Although there are various hypotheses about how this structure came into being, there is no explanation yet for the accepted assumption. On the basis of a hypothesis, similar results at the laboratory level occur when the velocity of the hexagonal winds in the atmosphere is excessive. However, there are debates on this issue as to the vortex structures formed.


Saturn’s magnetic field strength is around 21 μT (0.21 G) at the equator. This indicates that the dipole magnetic moment is 4.6 × 10 ^ 18 T.m3. In this case, Saturn’s magnetic field is slightly weaker than Earth’s, but its magnetic moment is 580 times higher.

The Cassini spacecraft circled a total of 294 miles around Saturn from 2004 to 2017!

The magnetic field of the Gome, which is spread over a very large area, includes 16 satellites and a ring system. Spread over a full million kilometers wide, the magnetic field has an orientation exactly the same as on Earth. So, if you went to Saturn with a compass made for the Earth, you will see that the tip of the compass points to the south pole, although the north pole of the compass is pointing.

Saturn’s Moons

Each of Saturn’s moons, from the hazy surface of Titan to the crater-filled Phoebe, tells us a different story about the sun. Saturn has a total of 82 moons. 53 of these have been approved and named. The other 29 satellites are encompassed and acknowledged for the naming of the renal. The size of the satellites of the Aegean varies from the size of the football field to the larger ones (Titan) of Mercury. Encеladus and Titan, home to the inner oceans, are thought to contain chemicals that are essential for life. In this period, these two moons are one of the foci of Saturn research.


It is thought that the icy oceans of Encеladus, which is a very interesting novel, contain chemicals that are necessary for life. Hydrothermal structures are also thought to provide these oceans with mineral-rich water.


Among the more than 150 satellites in the solar system, Titan is the only satellite with a remarkable atmosphere. Containing fluids flowing in the form of fluids, Titan is also the second-largest satellite in the solar system. Other popular satellites known apart from Titan and Encеladus are; Tеthys, Dionе, Mimas, Iapеtus, Rhеa, Hypеrion, Phoеbе, and Epimеthеus.